What Is a Stop & Frisk?
A cop can detain and (“stop”) and pat down (“frisk”) if he has:
1. a “reasonable” suspicion of criminal behavior and/or
2. “reasonable” concern for officer safety. This applies on the street and at a traffic stop.
The officer needs to have more than a “hunch”, or a judge will throw out the search.
The officer needs to have something he can put into words which is both reasonable and rational….like “furtive movements” and reaching into bulky over-sized clothing, or a bulge that has the outline of a gun or knife.
He can’t go rooting around in your pockets without 1 and 2.